The treatment of gingivitis in your pet
Gingivitis is one of the most common oral diseases in pets . It is a progressive inflammatory process that affects the gums, and that can expand into the bone tissues.
Next, we will talk about the symptoms and treatment of gingivitis in your pet, and also about how it is possible to prevent it.
How does gingivitis develop in your pet?
A lot of oral diseases develop from the formation of bacterial plaques , and gingivitis is no exception. In general, this inflammatory process begins when the tartar on the animal's teeth is not combated in time. But let's see better how gingivitis happens to understand its symptoms and its treatment.
Some species of bacteria already live naturally in dogs' mouths. When we do not brush our pets' teeth, we allow food to accumulate between their teeth and gums . These organic residues serve as food for the bacteria that already live in the mouth of the animal, which allows a rapid and excessive proliferation.
In this way, there is an overpopulation of bacteria in the mouth of the animal, which leads to its agglomeration in the form of plates. Bacterial plaques adhere to dental pieces and, when they react with enamel and saliva, they form tartar .
After the tartar adheres to the tooth, the bacteria continue to proliferate and, if not fought in time, penetrate the gums. At this time, the inflammation of the gums known as gingivitis occurs.
Symptoms of gingivitis in your pet
Gingivitis usually develops and progress silently. Your first symptoms are difficult to diagnose in pets with the naked eye . Therefore, it is essential to regularly check your pet's mouth to identify any alteration.
The first obvious sign of gingivitis is usually the observation of a red and thin line at the junction between the teeth. and the gums. It is also very likely that the gums look red and enlarged. In more advanced cases, abscesses and bleeding may occur.
However, gingivitis can also lead to more complex symptoms , especially when it is not treated properly. Next, we review other common symptoms of gingivitis in pets:
- Halitosis (bad breath).
- Difficulty chewing.
- Loss of appetite.
- Excessive salivation.
- Attempt to scratch frequently in the mouth region.
- Gingival hyperplasia (excessive enlargement of the gums).
- Do not be touched in the mouth or react negatively when someone tries to do it.
- Behavioral changes, usually associated with pain caused by inflammation.
When gingivitis is not treated in time, the bacteria will continue to advance and can penetrate the muscle and bone tissues that support the teeth.As it is a bacterial disease, the use of antibiotics is usually essential.
In mild cases, antibiotics are usually applied topically to relieve the inflammatory process and eliminate bacteria . Already in more advanced cases, antibiotics can be administered orally or intravenously; it is about controlling the proliferation of bacteria in the body.
Additionally, the veterinarian can also prescribe analgesics to relieve pain and, thereby, improve the quality of life of the animal during the treatment.
It can also be performed a subsequent surgical intervention to remove plaque from the teeth ; in this way, a new gingivitis picture will be avoided. But the viability of this treatment will depend on the state of health of the animal.
In case the bacteria have reached the bone tissues, the veterinarian should analyze if the structure of the teeth has been damaged If there is an advanced deterioration, it may be necessary to remove the tooth by surgical intervention.